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Megiddo – Holy Land Tour

Tel Megiddo

“Megiddo” or “Megiddon” = me-gid’o; “place of troops” – situated on the southern rim of the plain of Esdraelon 6 miles (10 km) from Mount Carmel and 11 miles (18 km) from Nazareth. Megiddo lies on the western fringe of the Plain of Armageddon, probably the most well-known battlefield on this planet. This space has develop into the scene of extra wars than some other place on this planet.

One of many royal cities of the Canaanites (Josh 12:21), first assigned to Issachar (17:11) however afterward belonging to Manasseh (Judg 1:27). Megiddo didn’t develop into firmly occupied by the Israelites till the time of Solomon, who positioned certainly one of his twelve deputies over Taanach and Megiddo (1 Kings 4:12) and erected some expensive works there (9:15). The valley of Megiddo was part of the Plain of Esdraelon. It figured as a battlefield, and right here Barak (which see) gained a notable victory over the king of Hazor, whose commanding common was Sisera (Judg 4:15). To this place Ahaziah king of Judah fled, and there he died (2 Kings 9:27). However the chief historic curiosity of Megiddo is concentrated within the loss of life of Josiah. He endeavored to cease Pharaoh Neco of Egypt, whereas the Egyptian was passing by way of the glens of Carmel into the plain of Megiddo. He was defeated, as he fled was shot by the Egyptian archers and died on the highway to Jerusalem (23:29–30; 2 Chron 35:20–24; Zech 12:11). Within the final passage the mourning talked about is on account of Josiah’s loss of life.

Megiddo is marked by the fashionable web site Inform el Mutesellim. It has been extensively excavated and types probably the most essential archaeological websites of Palestine. In 1903–5 its exceptional archaeological historical past started when G. Schumacher of the Deutsche Orientgesellschaft first started analyzing it. Nevertheless, by far the best work on the positioning was executed by the Oriental Institute of the College of Chicago. Begun below the route of Clarence S. Fisher in 1925, this work was continued in subsequent years by P. L. O. Man and Gordon Loud. The positioning was occupied within the late Stone Age, lengthy earlier than 4500 BC Round 3500 BC the primary metropolis at this web site, commanding the strategic Plain of Esdraelon, was constructed. This metropolis was surrounded by a large wall initially some 13 toes thick and later buttressed to twice that thickness. A brick wall and gate of c. 1880 BC are identified. Thutmose III of Egypt captured the Canaanite metropolis c. 1468 and held it briefly, however the Canaanites held the essential strategic middle till dispossessed by the Israelites (c. 1100 BC). It’s not identified whether or not or not David erected any development at Megiddo. Solomon, nonetheless, reconstructed town as certainly one of his chariot cities (1 Kings 9:15; cf. 10:26–29). He additionally made it the middle of certainly one of his administrative districts. Shishak of Egypt (1 Kings 14:25; 2 Chron 12:9), who overran Jerusalem and Judea within the fifth yr of Rehoboam, apparently took Megiddo c. 925 BC He left proof in an inscribed stela.

College of Chicago groups continued to excavate at Megiddo from 1925 to 1939, in keeping with a plan to strip the complete mound right down to bedrock. They took away a Persian city from Stratum I, an unwalled city of the time of King Josiah within the seventh century B.C. (Stratum II), an Assyrian governor’s headquarters of the identical century (Stratum III), and uncovered Stratum IV, which they recognized as Solomonic. In that stage they discovered two nice secure compounds, a governor’s palace, partitions, and town gate. Then in 1960 Yigael Yadin of the Hebrew College labored at Megiddo and modified the Chicago conclusions, assigning the partitions, town gate, and the palace to the time of Solomon and the stables to the times of Ahab. Furthermore, the nice water system, previously dated to the twelfth century, Yadin reassigned to Solomon’s day. Yadin’s reinterpretations have usually been adopted, however Yohanan Aharoni of Tel Aviv College defended the College of Chicago relationship of Stratum IV as Solomonic. (From The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Initially revealed by Moody Press of Chicago, Illinois. Copyright (c) 1988.)

One in all Solomon’s fortress cities

Megiddo was strategic in that it managed the go between Mount Carmel and the Hill Nation of Israel, (Ephraim) defending the route that ran north and south, generally known as the way in which of the ocean, which was a straightforward path for armies to journey as a way to conquer the southland and to Egypt, or north into Syria and on into Europe or Asia. Megiddo protected the slender go and that went between the mountains, from the valley of Jezreel and the coastal plains.

Megiddo was taken from the Canaanites and have become one of many cities below Manasseh’s inheritance. Later it was included in three strategic cities Solomon constructed to guard the land.

Beneath Joshua Megiddo was one of many defeated cities

Joshua 12:7, 21—7 And these are the kings of the nation which Joshua and the kids of Israel smote on this facet Jordan on the west, from Baal-gad within the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak, that goeth as much as Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel for a possession in keeping with their divisions; 21 The king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one;

It grew to become a part of Manasseh’s inheritance

Joshua 17:11–12—11 And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher Beth-shean and her cities, and Ibleam and her cities, and the inhabitants of Dor and her cities, and the inhabitants of Endor and her cities, and the inhabitants of Taanach and her cities, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her cities, even three international locations. 12 But the kids of Manasseh couldn’t drive out the inhabitants of these cities; however the Canaanites would dwell in that land.

Joshua 12:21–22—21 The king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one; 22 The king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam of Carmel, one;

Joshua 17:11—11 And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher Beth-shean and her cities, and Ibleam and her cities, and the inhabitants of Dor and her cities, and the inhabitants of Endor and her cities, and the inhabitants of Taanach and her cities, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her cities, even three international locations.

Judges 1:27—27 Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shean and her cities, nor Taanach and her cities, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her cities, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her cities, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her cities: however the Canaanites would dwell in that land.

Judges 5:19—19 The kings got here and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no achieve of cash.

Solomon’s time

Throughout Solomon’s reign Megiddo was properly fortified as one of many essential protection posts of his kingdom. It was certainly one of his “cities for chariots” (1Kings 10:26; 2 Chronicles 1:14). Excavations have revealed

1 Kings 4:11–12—11 The son of Abinadab, in all of the area of Dor; which had Taphath the daughter of Solomon to spouse: 12 Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Beth-shean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, even unto the place that’s past Jokneam:

Solomon builds up a fortress at Megiddo

1 Kings 9:15–19—15 And that is the rationale of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to construct the home of the Lord, and his personal home, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. 16 For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and brought Gezer, and burnt it with fireplace, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt within the metropolis, and given it for a gift unto his daughter, Solomon’s spouse. 17 And Solomon constructed Gezer, and Beth-horon the nether, 18 and Baalath, and Tadmor within the wilderness, within the land, 19 And all of the cities of retailer that Solomon had, and cities for his chariots, and cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to construct in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all of the land of his dominion.

The point out of Megiddo throughout kings following Solomon

2 Kings 9:27–28—27 However when Ahaziah the king of Judah noticed this, he fled by the way in which of the backyard home. And Jehu adopted after him, and mentioned, Smite him additionally within the chariot. And so they did so on the going as much as Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there. 28 And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre together with his fathers within the metropolis of David.

2 Kings 23:29–30—29 In his days Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt went up in opposition to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went in opposition to him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him. 30 And his servants carried him in a chariot lifeless from Megiddo, and introduced him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his personal sepulchre. And the individuals of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father’s stead.

2 Chronicles 35:22–26—22 Nonetheless Josiah wouldn’t flip his face from him, however disguised himself, that he would possibly struggle with him, and hearkened not unto the phrases of Necho from the mouth of God, and got here to struggle within the valley of Megiddo. 23 And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king mentioned to his servants, Have me away; for I’m sore wounded. 24 His servants subsequently took him out of that chariot, and put him within the second chariot that he had; they usually introduced him to Jerusalem, and he died, and was buried in one of many sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah. 25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all of the singing males and the singing girls spake of Josiah of their lamentations to this present day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they’re written within the lamentations. 26 Now the remainder of the acts of Josiah, and his goodness, in keeping with that which was written within the regulation of the LORD,

The Megiddo Valley or Valley of Jezreel

The Valley of Armageddon is the most important and most fertile valley in Israel and lies between the Galilee hills on the north and the hills of Samaria on the south. That is identified additionally in Hebrew as Jezreel (to be sown by God). On the west is Mount Carmel; on the east Mount Gilboa.

Till the early 1920’s this was a mosquito-ridden, malarial swampland, however the Jewish Nationwide Fund inaugurated its largest land reclamation challenge ever and remodeled it into probably the most stunning valley on this planet. Its patchwork of greens and golds soothes the eyes and stirs the soul. However don’t let the fantastic thing about the valley make you neglect the significance of this valley. This valley has been the scene of extra wars than some other place on this planet. Right here Gideon was victorious together with his 300 males (Judges 7). Right here King Josiah was mortally wounded in battle (2 Chronicles 35:20–24). Elijah ran down this valley some 20 miles from Mount Carmel earlier than the chariot of King Ahab ( I Kings 18:46). By way of these affluent fields have tramped the armies of the Egyptians, Philistines, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Hasmoneans, Romans, Crusaders, Turks, French, and British. And the armies hold coming.

On this valley, God will collect the nations collectively in a single final battle which is able to prolong from right here to the Valley of Jehoshaphat, (This valley is barely talked about in Joel 3: 2, 12; not for sure if this Valley was even identified in historic occasions nor if for sure it has any existence at present. Some imagine it may very well be the product of when Jesus returns and splits the Mount of Olives in two, creating a brand new valley that may very well be named “Jehoshaphat” which suggests, “The LORD judges.”), at Jerusalem and all the way in which to Moab. This judgment of God on the nations of the world outcomes from the godlessness of the final days. “And he gathered them collectively into a spot known as within the

The battle of Armageddon will likely be fought right here. From Megiddo you will have a stupendous view of the Valley of Jezreel

Revelation 16:12–16—12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the nice river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way in which of the kings of the east could be ready. 13 And I noticed three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they’re the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the entire world, to collect them to the battle of that nice day of God Almighty. 15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his clothes, lest he stroll bare, they usually see his disgrace. 16 And he gathered them collectively into a spot known as within the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

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