Lucía Hiriart, who because the spouse of the Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet was mentioned to have been a robust affect on him, died on Thursday within the Lo Barnechea space of Santiago. She was 98.
Her loss of life was introduced by her son Marco Antonio Pinochet.
Ms. Hiriart was one of many defining figures of Twentieth-century Chile, however opinions about her had been blended. Her longevity, and her function in her husband’s regime led many to revile her as a sinister, ghoulish determine recognized merely as “the previous girl.” Others keep that she was an eminent philanthropist who devoted her life to the service of the Chilean individuals.
Her well being had been saved a carefully guarded secret for the reason that loss of life of her husband in 2006, and her public appearances had been few and much between.
Ms. Hiriart was mentioned to wield extraordinary energy within the presidential palace, La Moneda, throughout her husband’s 17-year dictatorship.
She was believed to have had a hand within the dismissal of ministers, and Normal Pinochet acknowledged that she pushed him, when he was the pinnacle of the armed forces, to take part within the 1973 coup d’état that deposed Chile’s socialist president, Salvador Allende.
“One night, my spouse took me to the bed room the place our grandchildren had been sleeping,” Normal Pinochet wrote concerning the eve of the coup in a memoir, “Camino Recorrido, Memorias de un Soldado.” “She turned to me and mentioned, ‘They are going to be slaves since you haven’t been in a position to decide.’”
Quickly after that, Normal Pinochet signed on to the coup try, which ousted President Allende on Sept. 11, 1973, in a swift assault on La Moneda. He was put in on the head of the navy junta, and his dictatorship dominated Chile till the nation’s return to democracy in 1990.
When the 4 branches of the armed forces — the military, air pressure, navy and police pressure — agreed to rotate management following the coup, it was Ms. Hiriart who pushed her husband to be the primary chief of the junta. It was a task he by no means relinquished.
“La Moneda functioned roughly like a monarchy throughout the dictatorship, with Hiriart and Pinochet as queen and king,” the Chilean journalist Alejandra Matus, the creator of “Doña Lucía,” an unauthorized biography of Ms. Hiriart, mentioned in an interview.
“Lucía Hiriart created ‘Pinochet the dictator,’” Ms. Matus mentioned, “as a result of if she hadn’t conspired with him, he wouldn’t even have lent his help to the coup.”
María Lucía Hiriart Rodríguez was born on Dec. 10, 1923, in Antofagasta, a metropolis on Chile’s arid northern shoreline. She was the eldest daughter of Osvaldo Hiriart, an influential politician of Basque-French heritage who would serve briefly as Chile’s inside minister within the Forties, and Lucía Rodríguez.
The household later moved to the San Bernardo district, south of the capital, Santiago, the place in 1941 she met Augusto Pinochet, a military officer eight years her senior. A lot to her household’s displeasure — he belonged to a decrease social class — they married two years later.
Ms. Hiriart helped to outline a philanthropic function for herself as Chile’s first girl. However she additionally rapidly developed a status as strong-willed and demanding.
She had greater than 20 aides at her beck and name in quarters spanning the whole seventeenth ground of the Diego Portales constructing in Santiago, the place the chief department was initially primarily based after the coup.
In 1981, she moved her places of work to a wing of La Moneda, above the press heart.
She later ordered Italian marble to adorn the flooring of the $14 million mansion constructed for the couple within the foothills of the Andes, overlooking the capital. The 5,000-square-meter residence, full with a swimming pool, tennis courts and underground bunker, was by no means given to the couple; following a public outcry, it was given to the armed forces and used as an officers’ mess.
Ms. Hiriart was accused on quite a few events of tax evasion, embezzlement and misappropriation of public funds.
She took over the presidency of the Centro de Madres Chile (CEMA Chile), a basis representing the pursuits of Chilean moms, which she oversaw till 2016. Whereas she and her husband resided in southern England within the Nineties, the cash used to cowl Normal Pinochet’s dwelling and well being care bills was mentioned by Chilean prosecutors to have been siphoned off from the group.
An investigation into CEMA Chile was closed in 2013, and no member of the Pinochet-Hiriart household confronted expenses. When CEMA Chile ceased operation in 2019, it handed 108 properties price 7.6 billion pesos over to the state.
Amongst a number of different corruption investigations, Chile’s inland income service introduced tax evasion expenses towards Ms. Hiriart and her 5 youngsters in 2005 in relation to greater than $21 million held in 125 accounts at Riggs Financial institution in Washington, beneath the names of the couple’s youngsters and a wide range of aliases.
Ms. Hiriart was by no means discovered responsible in that or some other investigation.
Along with her son Marco Antonio, Ms. Hiriart’s survivors embrace 4 different youngsters, Inés, Augusto, María Verónica and Jacqueline Marie; and plenty of grandchildren.