The African continent emits just some 3 p.c of worldwide CO2 emissions, but is amongst most uncovered to local weather change.
The leaders of two dozen African nations have urged wealthier nations to uphold their assist pledges so the continent can tackle climate change impacts for which it shares little blame.
African minister made their name in a communique on the shut of a three-day discussion board within the Egyptian capital Cairo on Friday and two months earlier than Egypt hosts the essential COP27 climate conference in Sharm El-Sheikh in November.
We urge “developed nations to fulfil their pledges in relation to local weather and improvement finance, and ship on their commitments to double adaptation finance, particularly to Africa,” the 24 leaders mentioned in a closing assertion.
The African continent emits just some 3 p.c of worldwide CO2 emissions, former UN chief Ban Ki-moon famous this week.
And but African nations are among those most exposed to the affect of local weather change, notably worsening droughts and floods.
The African leaders mentioned the monetary assist was wanted in view of “the disproportionate affect of local weather change and nature loss on the African continent”.
Africa not solely has a “low carbon footprint”, they mentioned, however it additionally performs a key function in capturing greenhouse gases, together with within the Congo Basin, which is dwelling to the world’s second-largest tropical rainforest after the Amazon.
‘Abrupt disinvestments from fossil fuels’
The communique urged wealthy nations to fulfill and increase local weather pledges, and mentioned poor nations ought to be capable of develop economically whereas receiving more funds to adapt to the impact of climate change.
The doc burdened “the necessity to keep away from approaches that encourage abrupt disinvestments from fossil fuels, as this can… threaten Africa’s improvement”.
The function of gasoline within the transition to cleaner vitality is ready to be a key level of rivalry at COP27. Local weather activists say it must be rapidly phased out and changed with renewables.
However, Nigerian Finance Minister Zainab Ahmed instructed the Cairo discussion board that gasoline was a matter of survival for her nation.
“If we aren’t getting cheap finance to develop gasoline, we’re denying the residents in our nations the alternatives to achieve fundamental improvement,” she mentioned.
The communique additionally known as for specializing in local weather change in a evaluate of multilateral improvement banks and worldwide monetary establishments. It recommended the creation of a sustainable sovereign debt hub that might scale back the price of capital for creating states and help debt-for-nature swaps.
Funding to assist poorer nations curb their emissions and strengthen their resilience will probably be a key subject at COP27.
A longstanding objective for developed nations to spend $100bn a 12 months from 2020 on helping vulnerable nations adapt to climate change remains unmet.
In response to the African Improvement Financial institution, the continent will want as a lot as $1.6 trillion between 2020 and 2030 for its personal efforts to restrict local weather change and to adapt to the opposed results which might be already obvious.
Kevin Chika Urama, chief economist on the African Improvement Financial institution, mentioned Africa confronted a local weather financing hole of about $108bn annually.
“Local weather finance construction in the present day is definitely biased towards climate-vulnerable nations. The extra weak you’re the much less local weather finance you obtain,” he mentioned.