(CP) Queen Elizabeth II, the longest-serving monarch of the UK, was honored with a full state funeral Monday at Westminster Abbey adopted by a procession to Windsor Fortress for a committal service at St. George’s Chapel the place she was laid to relaxation within the royal vault.
A religious Christian and a monarch whose authority included serving as Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Elizabeth II’s funeral included a number of sacred hymns and choral items. At St. George’s Chapel, the service opened with the choir singing Psalm 121, “I’ll carry up mine eyes unto the hills,” which was stated to be among the many late monarch’s favorites.
“The musical portion of the Order of Service for the burial of the late queen is precisely what one would count on it to be,” wrote classical music critic Ivan Hewett of The Telegraph.
“It’s rooted within the traditions of previous royal funerals, in a wide range of musical kinds from Jacobean formality to Edwardian sentiment, with only one very delicate whiff of ‘fashionable music.’ There are additionally refined nods towards the queen’s personal musical tastes and loyalties …”
Listed below are seven items of sacred music carried out throughout the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II. They embrace widespread hymns and notable choral items which have prolonged histories:
‘All my Hope on God is Based’
A product of the Protestant Reformation, “All my Hope on God is Based” was composed by the short-lived but prolific hymn-writer Joachim Neander in 1680, initially with the German title “Meine Hoffnung stehet feste.”
The hymn was translated into English in 1899 by Robert Bridge and ultimately given its present melody by notable English composer Herbert Howells.
‘Christ is made the positive basis’
The hymn “Christ is made the positive basis” derives its existence from the Medieval Period, composed by an unknown creator in Latin throughout the seventh century and later translated by John Mason Neale within the nineteenth century.
“Neale’s unique translation has been altered considerably for right this moment’s hymnals, and the flowing plainsong melody has been changed by the stately tune Westminster Abbey composed by the well-known English composer Henry Purcell,” explained C. Michael Hawn, professor at Southern Methodist College.
“But one thing of this music from deep in our Christian previous stays and nonetheless informs our religion right this moment if we are going to enable ourselves to sing with the saints.”
‘The Day Thou Gavest Lord is Ended’
Generally used at night providers, “The Day Thou Gavest Lord is Ended” was written within the nineteenth century by John Ellerton, a minister of the Church of England.
“This inspiring and uplifting melody units the lyrics in movement for an ever flowing waltz of affectionate love. These are not any mere phrases of a self centered particular person, however from the soul of an individual devoted and affectionate to the One true God,” wrote theologian Simon Peter Sutherland.
“They ascribe to God the distinction and reward because the One who gave the sinner the reward of every day and night time. The understanding that God hears the praises of His folks. They provide because of Him repeatedly for His provision and constructing of His Church.”
‘The Lord’s my Shepherd, I am going to not Need’
Primarily based off Psalm 23, which is without doubt one of the most well-known biblical passages in widespread tradition, “The Lord’s my Shepherd, I am going to not Need” was written within the seventeenth century by Francis Rous.
In accordance with Andrew Remillard, the tune most related to the hymn, referred to as Crimond, was added within the 1870s, or greater than 200 years after the textual content was penned.
“It’s named after the Crimond Church within the Aberdeenshire city of Crimond. It was composed by Jessie Irvine, who was the daughter of the pastor,” Remillard defined.
“David Grant later re-harmonized it for her. Grant served on a committee which was charged with assembling a brand new hymnal of metrical psalms and hymns. It was printed in 1872 and was very profitable with gross sales exceeding 70,000 copies.”
‘The Russian Kontakion of the Departed’
Generally carried out throughout funerals as a method to bear in mind one’s personal mortality, “The Russian Kontakion of the Departed” traces its origins again a number of centuries to the Orthodox Church.
The phrase “Kontakion” derives its origin from the Greek phrase for “pole,” as within the pole that was used to roll up a scroll, in line with The Sun.
The somber choral piece was used on the funeral of Prince Philip, the late husband of Queen Elizabeth II who died in April 2021 on the age of 99.
‘Sheep Might Safely Graze’
Composed by Johann Sebastian Bach in 1713 and often known as The Looking Cantana, “Sheep Might Safely Graze” is one more music loosely based mostly off of the favored Psalm 23 passage.
“Written for the thirty-first birthday of Duke Christian of Saxe-Weissenfels, the cantata was carried out as a shock at a banquet on the ducal searching lodge, and it is filled with flattery,” noted the blog Art & Theology.
“The textual content of ‘Sheep Might Safely Graze,’ written by Solomon Franck, praises Christian for his sensible, protecting management (in fact, he was a awful ruler).”
‘Schmücke dich, O liebe Seele’
Written by Johann Sebastian Bach, “Schmücke dich, O liebe Seele” is a well-liked choral piece rendered as “Adorn your self, O pricey soul” or “Soul, adorn thyself with gladness” in English.
A choral prelude, it’s historically carried out throughout Holy Communion, with affect for the music reported to have come from the work of Bach’s predecessor Johann Crueger.